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Tuesday, June 30, 2009

SBI CAR Loans- became Cheap-inf. by Ashok Hindocha (M-9426201999)

એસબીઆઇની કાર લોન સસ્તી થઈ
www.bsnlnewsbyashokhindocha.blogspot.com


મુંબઈ, તા. ૨૭
સ્ટેટ બેન્ક ઓફ ઈન્ડિયા(એસબીઆઇ)એ શનિવારે જાહેરાત કરી છે કે તે ૧ જુલાઈથી ‘એસબીઆઈ ઈઝી’ નામથી કાર લોન યોજના શરૃ કરી રહી છે, જે મુજબ લોનના પ્રથમ વર્ષ માટે વ્યાજના દર ૮ ટકા રહેશે.
એસબીઆઇએ મુંબઈ ખાતેથી જારી કરેલી પ્રેસ વિજ્ઞાપ્તિ મુજબ કાર માટેની લોન પર પ્રથમ વર્ષે ૮ ટકાનું ફિક્સ વ્યાજ રહેશે. ત્યારપછીના બે વર્ષ દરમિયાન વ્યાજદર ૧૦ ટકા ફિક્સ રહેશે. મતલબ કે એસબીઆઇની રૃ. ૧ લાખની કારલોન પર ઈક્વેટેડ મંથલી ઈન્સ્ટોલમેન્ટ(ઈએમઆઇ) પ્રથમ વર્ષે રૃ. ૧૫૫૯ રહેશે. બીજા અને ત્રીજા વર્ષે ઈએમઆઈ રૃ. ૧૬૪૭ રહેશે.

•પ્રથમ વર્ષ માટે ૮ ટકા બીજા અને ત્રીજા વર્ષ માટે ૧૦ ટકા ફિક્સવ્યાજદર : ૧ જુલાઈથી અમલચોથા વર્ષથી કારલોનના જે દર લાગુ પડતા હશે તે રિસેટ કરવામાં આવશે. ચોથા વર્ષથી લોનના બાકીના સમયગાળા માટે બેન્કે નક્કી કરેલા વ્યાજદર લાગુ પડશે. એસબીઆઇના કારલોન પરના વ્યાજદર બેન્કના પ્રાઈમ લેન્ડિંગ રેટ(પીએલઆર) કરતાં ૦.૨૫-૦.૭૫ ટકા ઓછા છે. ૧ જુલાઈથી શરૃ થનારી ઈઝી કાર લોન સ્કીમ અંતર્ગત પ્રોસેસિંગ ફી પણ લેવાશે નહીં.
ઉલ્લેખનીય છે કે એસબીઆઇએ ગત ૨૩ ફેબ્રુઆરીએકારલોન પરના વ્યાજદર પ્રથમ વર્ષ માટે ૧૦ ટકા ફિક્સ રાખવાની જાહેરાત કરી હતી. આ યોજનાને ૩૦ સપ્ટેમ્બર સુધી લંબાવવામાં આવી છે. એસબીઆઈનો લોન રિપેમેન્ટનો ગાળો પણ ઘણો લાંબો સાત વર્ષનો છે અને તેમાં કોઈ જ ઈએમઆઈ એડવાન્સમાં આપવાનો રહેતો નથી. રૃ. ૪૦ લાખ સુધીની લોન પર તે મફત વીમાનું કવચ પણ આપે છે.

એક લાખની લોન પર કેટલો ઈએમઆઇ
વર્ષ ઈએમઆઇ વ્યાજદર
પ્રથમ રૃ. ૧૫૫૯ ૮ ટકા
બીજું રૃ. ૧૬૪૭ ૧૦ ટકા
ત્રીજું રૃ. ૧૬૪૭ ૧૦


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Important Facts of Life- inf, by Ashok Hindocha (M-9426201999)

BHARAT SANCHARB NIGAM LIMITED
EMPLOYEES UNION

WESTERN TELECOM REGION
www.bsnlnesbyashokhindocha.blogspot.com
http://bsnleuwtr.blogspot.com
“Important Facts Of Life”

Health is the first of life
Wealth is the next of life
Character’s courage is the best of life
Respect is must in life
Turning is the test of life
God’s blessing is the crest of life
Love is crucial for life
Happiness is the perfume of life
Truth is the search of life
Death is the rest of life…
www.bsnlnewsbyashokhindocha.blogspot.com
http://bsnleuwtr.blogspot.com
www.bsnlnewsbyashokhindocha.blogspot.com

ચા પાણીથી પણ વધુ આરોગ્યપ્રદ પીણું
www.bsnlnewsbyashokhindocha.blogspot.com

લંડન, તા.૨૯
ચાના રસિયાઓ માટે આ એક સારા સમાચાર છે. બ્રિટિશ સંશોધકોનું કહેવું છે કે, રોજની ત્રણ કે તેથી વધુ કપ ચા પીવી એ શરીર માટે પૂરતી માત્રામાં પાણી પીવા જેટલું લાભકારક છે. એટલું જ નહીં, સ્વાસ્થ્ય માટે ચા વધુ ફાયદાકારક પણ સાબિત થઇ શકે છે.
યુરોપિયન જર્નલ ઓફ ક્લિનિકલ ન્યુટ્રિશનમાં પ્રસિદ્ધ થયેલા સંશોધનના તારણોમાં એવી સામાન્ય માન્યતાને રદિયો આપવામાં આવ્યો છે કે ચા શરીરમાંથી પાણી શોષી લે છે. ઊલટાનું તારણોમાં તો એમ જણાવાયું છે કે ચા શરીરને જરૃરી પૂરતી માત્રામાં પાણીની ગરજ સારે છે. વળી, હૃદયરોગ તેમ જ કેટલાક કેન્સર સામે પણ ચા રક્ષણ પૂરું પાડે છે.

•રોજની ત્રણ-ચાર કપ ચા પીવાથી હૃદયરોગનું જોખમ ઘટે છે•ચા શરીરમાંથી પાણી શોષી લેતી હોવાની માન્યતાને બ્રિટિશ સંશોધકોનો રદિયો
નિષ્ણાતોના મતે, ચામાં રહેલું ફ્લેવોનોઇડ નામનું તત્ત્વ તંદુરસ્તી માટે ખૂબ જ લાભકારક છે. આ પ્રકારના પોલીફેનોલ એન્ટિઓક્સિડન્ટ્સ ચાની પત્તી સહિત ઘણાં ખાદ્ય પદાર્થો અને વનસ્પતિઓમાં રહેલા હોય છે અને શરીરના કોષોને નુકસાનથી રક્ષણ આપવામાં મદદરૃપ થતાં હોવાનું જણાયું છે.
કિંગ્સ કોલેજ, લંડનના જાહેર સ્વાસ્થ્ય પોષણવિદ્ ડો. કેરી રુક્સટન અને તેમના સાથીઓએ જણાવ્યાનુસાર, રોજની ત્રણ-ચાર કપ ચા પીવાથી હૃદયરોગનું જોખમ ઘટતું હોવાના તેમને સ્પષ્ટ પુરાવા મળ્યા છે. ચા કેન્સર સામે રક્ષણ પૂરું પાડતી હોવાનું પણ અમુક અભ્યાસો સૂચવે છે પરંતુ આ અસર હજુ સંપૂર્ણપણે સ્પષ્ટ નથી.
ચામાં ફ્લુઅરાઇડ નામનું તત્ત્વ પણ હોય છે જે દાંત માટે લાભકારક છે. ચા પીવી સ્વાસ્થ્ય માટે હાનિકારક હોવાનું સૂચવતા કોઇ જ પુરાવા નથી. જોકે કેટલાક અભ્યાસો સૂચવે છે કે. ચા આહારમાંથી લોહતત્ત્વને શોષવાની શરીરની ક્ષમતાને હાનિ પહોંચાડી શકે છે. તેથી એનિમિયા (પાંડુરોગ)નું જોખમ ધરાવતી વ્યક્તિઓએ ભોજનના સમય દરમિયાન ચા પીવાનું ટાળવું જોઇએ, તેમ ડો. રુક્સટને ઉમેર્યું હતું.



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Hon. Barack Obama"s Views-inf.by AshokHindocha(M-9426201999)

www.bsnlnewsbyashokhindocha.blogspot.com

www.bsnlnewsbyashokhindocha.blogspot.com
Barack Obama was elected in part to fix America’s health-care system. Now is the time for him to keep his word


Getty ImagesDIAGNOSING what is wrong with America’s health-care system is the easy part. Even though one dollar in every six generated by the world’s richest economy is spent on health—almost twice the average for rich countries—infant mortality, life expectancy and survival-rates for heart attacks are all worse than the OECD average. Meanwhile, because health insurance is so expensive, nearly 50m Americans, an obscene number in such a rich place, have none; those that are insured pay through the nose for their cover, and often find it bankruptingly inadequate if they get seriously ill or injured.

The costs of health care hurt America in three other ways. First, since half the population (most children, the very poor, the old, public-sector workers) get their health care via the government, the burden on the taxpayer is heavier than it needs to be, and is slowly but surely eating up federal and state budgets. Second, private insurance schemes are a huge problem for employers: the cost of health insurance helped bring down GM, and many smaller firms are giving up covering employees. Third, expensive premiums depress workers’ wages.

Every rich country faces some of these problems (see article), but nobody suffers worse from them than America. This summer’s debate about health care may determine the success of Barack Obama’s presidency. What should he do?

Uncomfortably numb
If he were starting from scratch, there would be a strong case (even to a newspaper as economically liberal as this one) for a system based mostly around publicly funded health care. But America is not starting from scratch, and none of the plans in Congress shows an appetite for such a European solution. America wants to keep a mostly private system—but one that brings in the uninsured and cuts costs. That will be painful, and require more audacity than Mr Obama has shown so far.

The uninsured are the relatively straightforward bit. All you need do is “mandate” everyone to take out health insurance, much as drivers are legally required to have car insurance. Poorer Americans would get subsidies, and (as with car insurance) insurance-providers would be forced to offer affordable plans and not exclude the sick or the old. This has already happened in Massachusetts as well as in a raft of countries, including the Netherlands, Israel and Singapore. All the main proposals now working their way through Congress include some version of a mandate. Mr Obama opposed a mandate on the campaign trail, but since he has not come up with any plausible alternative, he should quietly swallow one.

The snag is that all these subsidies are expensive. Those congressional plans might cost $1.2 trillion to $1.6 trillion over ten years: the White House is feverishly trying to massage the estimates downward, as well as working out how to plug the hole through various savings and tax increases. But the sticker-shock for the mandate is really just a reflection of the second big problem: the overall cost structure of American health care. Indeed, one of the worst things about Mr Obama’s oddly hands-off approach to health reform (see article) is that he is concentrating on a symptom, not the underlying disease.

A bolder president would start by attacking two huge distortions that make American health care more expensive than it needs to be. The first is that employer-provided health-care packages are tax-deductible. This is unfair to those without such insurance, who still have to subsidise it via their taxes. It also encourages gold-plated insurance schemes, since their full cost is not transparent. This tax break costs the government at least $250 billion a year. Mr Obama still shies away from axing it, as do the main congressional plans on offer; but it ought to go (albeit perhaps in stages).

Perversity on stilts, or crutches
The second big distortion is that most doctors in America work on a fee-for-service basis; the more pills they prescribe, or tests they order, or procedures they perform, the more money they get—even though there is abundant clinical evidence that more spending does not reliably lead to better outcomes. Private providers everywhere are vulnerable to this perverse incentive, but in America, where most health care is delivered by the private sector rather than by salaried public-sector staff, the problem is worse than anywhere else.

The trouble is that many Americans are understandably happy with all-you-can-eat health care, which allows them to see any doctor they like and get any test that they are talked into thinking they need. Forcing people into “managed” health schemes, where some species of bureaucrat decides which treatments are cost-effective, is politically toxic; it was the central tenet of Hillary Clinton’s disastrous failed reform in 1994.

But to some extent it will have to be done. There is solid evidence to suggest that by cutting back on unnecessarily expensive procedures and prescriptions, anything from 10% to 30% of health costs could be saved: a gigantic sum. The Mayo Clinic in Minnesota and the California-based Kaiser Permanente system have shown that it is possible to save money and produce better outcomes at the same time. So reform must aim to encourage more use of managed health care, provided by doctors who are salaried, or paid by results rather than for every catheter they insert. Medicare, the government-run insurance scheme for those over 65, could show the way, by making much more use of results-based schemes and encouraging more competition among its various providers and insurers.

But in the end it will be up to the private health-care system. One thing that should be unleashed immediately is antitrust: on a local level many hospitals and doctors work as price-fixing cabals. Another option, favoured by many Democrats and the president, is for the government to step in with a results-based plan of its own, to compete against the private industry. That could harm innovation and distort the market further. Mr Obama should use it as a threat, rather than implement it now. If the private sector does not meet certain cost-cutting targets in, say, five years, a public-sector plan should automatically kick in. Such a prospect would encourage hospitals and doctors to accept a painful but necessary reform now.
www.bsnlnewsbyashokhindocha.blogspot.com

Trade Union Boss bemoans loss of Job-inf. by Ashok Hindocha (M-9426201999)

www.bsnlnewsbyashokhindocha.blogspot.com

Trade union boss bemoans loss of jobs
June 29, 2009
www.bsnlnewsbyashokhindocha.blogspot.com
By Our Correspondent

HARARE – Visiting Netherlands Trade Union Confederation President, Agnes Jongerius, says government should initiate moves to compensate thousands of farm workers who lost their jobs during the height of Zimbabwe’s land reform programme a few years ago.


Agnes Jongerius

Jongerius said although Zimbabwe’s land reform programme was intended to benefit ordinary Zimbabweans, her delegation has noted that the programme also left farm workers who had survived for years working in the farms now struggling to survive.

“The land reform programme which took place in the name of addressing the historical injustices, has made hundreds of thousands farm workers unemployed and homeless,” she said.

She was speaking to journalists at the end of her five day tour of Zimbabwe where she had come to assess the situation in the country in as far as the respect of trade union rights and workers rights was concerned.

Her visit was also meant to assess the political and socio economic conditions of workers and see if they were consistent with internationally recognized standards.

During her visit, she met workers from both the formal and informal sectors, Non Governmental Organisations and some workers who lost their jobs for various reasons.

She failed however to meet any government official.

She added, “Farm invasions have intensified since the inclusive government was formed and thousands of workers lost their income and have no roofs above their heads.

“The workers who have worked on these farms for many years, with some living for generations, have no say in the future of those farms.

“We have seen horrible cases of people camping by the roadside, and in needless suffering. The land audit, which is mentioned in the GPA, has not yet started. The compensations, which should be paid to former workers of expropriated farms, have not been paid.”

Jongerius also bemoaned the absence of what she said was a national policy to guarantee a minimum wage for all workers saying those working on the farms and within households were being paid wages of below $50.

She also said there were still laws that inhibited the enjoyment of basic rights among Zimbabwean workers and called on government to start paying workers living wages as opposed to the $100 day allowances each government worker is currently getting across the board.

She concurred with the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU)’s demands of a minimum $454 salary per month for all Zimbabwean workers.

Jongerius further lamented what she found to be lack of will on the part of local authorities to build suitable structures that would accommodate millions of workers who lost their jobs and were now engaged in self help projects.

“The workers surviving in the informal economy are extremely vulnerable,” she said.

“They have no social protection, no safe places to work, and although those who are organized in the ZCIEA sometimes experience support from the side of the local authorities, there are no proper policies in place on the national level to protect their livelihood and social well-being.”

She also called on government to allow its workers to participate in trade union activities as this allowed them to assert their rights as workers.

Zimbabwe’s civil servants face political victimization if they go on strike or take part in other activities which government finds as tantamount to making a political statement against the establishment
www.bsnlnewsbyashokhindocha.blogspot.com

Telecom/BSNL Terrif for various lines-inf. by Ashok Hindocha (M_9426201999)

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8005089

245
417590
1461565
2672576
3042406
8159182

250
427927
1497745
2738733
3130859
8396080

255
436091
1526319
2790982
3188297
8550173

260
444256
1554896
2843238
3245734
8704265

265
452420
1583470
2895488
3303171
8858358

270
460584
1612044
2947738
3360609
9012451

275
468748
1640618
2999987
3418046
9166543

280
476912
1669192
3052237
3475484
9320636

285
485076
1697766
3104486
3532921
9474728

290
493240
1726340
3156736
3590358
9628821

295
501405
1754918
3208992
3647796
9782914

300
511742
1791097
3275149
3736249
10019812

305
519906
1819671
3327398
3793686
10173905

310
528071
1848249
3379654
3851124
10327997

315
536235
1876823
3431904
3908561
10482090

320
544399
1905397
3484154
3965998
10636182

325
552563
1933971
3536403
4023436
10790275

330
560727
1962545
3588653
4080873
10944368

335
568891
1991119
3640902
4138311
11098460























Distance (in kms)
2 Mbps (Rs.)
8 Mbps (Rs.)
34 Mbps (Rs.)
45 Mbps (Rs.)
155 Mbps (incl. 140 Mbps) (Rs.)

340
577055
2019693
3693152
4195748
11252553

345
585220
2048270
3745408
4253185
11406646

350
595557
2084450
3811565
4341639
11643544

355
603721
2113024
3863814
4399076
11797637

360
611886
2141601
3916070
4456513
11951729

365
620050
2170175
3968320
4513951
12105822

370
628214
2198749
4020570
4571388
12259914

375
636378
2227323
4072819
4628825
12414007

380
644542
2255897
4125069
4686263
12568100

385
652706
2284471
4177318
4743700
12722192

390
660870
2313045
4229568
4801138
12876285

395
669035
2341623
4281824
4858575
13030388

400
679372
2377802
4347981
4947028
13267276

405
687536
2406376
4400230
5004466
13421368

410
695701
2434954
4452486
5061903
13575461

415
703865
2463528
4504736
5119340
13729554

420
712029
2492102
4556986
5176778
13883646

425
720193
2520676
4609235
5234215
14037739

430
728357
2549250
4661485
5291652
14191832

435
736521
2577824
4713734
5349090
14345924

440
744686
2606401
4765990
5406527
14500017

445
752850
2634975
4818240
5463965
14654110

450
763187
2671155
4884397
5552418
14891008

455
771352
2699732
4936653
5609855
15045100

460
779516
2728306
4988902
5667283
15199193

465
787680
2756880
5041152
5724730
15353286

470
795844
2785454
5093402
5782167
15507378

475
804008
2814028
5145651
5839605
15661471

480
812172
2842602
5197901
5897042
15815564

485
820336
2871176
5250150
5954479
15969656

490
828501
2899754
5302406
6011917
16123749

495
836665
2928328
5354656
6069354
16277842

500
847002
2964507
5420813
6157807
16514740

> 500
850000
2975000
5440000
6159000
16520000




* 25% discount available on 2Mbps and above circuits between some cities. This discount will not be applicable for ISP's and other licensed services providers e.g. BSOs, CMSPs, NLDOs and ILDOs.


Note:1: The distance referred to, above is "Chargeable Distance" i.e. equal to 1.25 times of the radial distance between the two points connected.

Note:2: The tariff of 2mbps, 45 mbps (DS 3) and 155 mbps (140 mbps) is based on the ceiling prescribed by TRAI. For 8 mbps and 34 mbps circuits the factor of 3.5 and 6.4 on the 2mbps rates has been used. For 140 mbps the tariff as applicable for 155 mbps / STM-1 shall apply.

Note:3: The above tariff is specified in distance slabs of 5 kms and with minimum of 5 kms or 50 kms. The calculation of tariff for intermediate distances (lying in between the distance slabs) will be made on pro rata basis. For this, difference in tariff of the lower and upper distance slabs rates will be taken and divided by 5kms to arrive at per km rate. The distance will be rounded off to the next km. This is explained below with the help of an example:

The illustration of 7 kms distance of 2Mbps is given below

(i)
Charges of 5 kms
Rs. 17,016.00

(ii)
Charges of 10 kms
Rs. 25,180.00

(iii)
Difference (ii)-(i)
Rs. 8,164.00

(iv)
Per km rate (iii)/5
Rs. 1633.00

(v)
Rate for 7kms [(i) + 2 kms x (iv) ]
Rs. 17,016 + 2 x Rs. 1633.00
=Rs. 20,282.00





2
The tariffs for capacity ranging from 128 kbps to 960 kbps shall be determined by multiplying the tariff for leased circuits of 64 kbps by the coefficients specified below, subject to the maximum of respective distance slabs of 2 Mbps rates:

Capacity(kbps)
Coefficient

960
7.6

768
6.4

512
4.8

384
4.0

320
3.6

256
3.1

192
2.5

128
1.8





3
Tariff for Local Lead (or End Links) or Local Circuits to be Charged as:

(i)(a) Local leads up to 64 kbps
For the local circuits as well as for the local leads of the leased lines upto 64 Kbps speeds which include Non Exchange lines,
P-wires, Hotlines, Speech circuits, Voice Band data circuits, the tariff will be charged (w.e.f. 1-4.2001) as per the table given below. Beyond 15 kms the charges as already prescribed above would be followed.


SN
Distance
Amount (in Rupees)

1.
1 Km
4500.00

2.
2 Kms
6500.00

3.
3 Kms
8500.00

4.
4 Kms.
10000.00

5.
5 kms.
11500.00

6.
6 Kms.
13000.00

7.
7 Kms
14500.00

8.
8 Kms.
16000.00

9.
9 Kms
17500.00

10.
10 Kms
19000.00

11.
11 Kms
20500.00

12.
12 Kms.
22000.00

13.
13 Kms
23500.00

14.
14 Kms
25000.00

15.
15 Kms
26707.00



(i)(b)Local leads Above 64 kbps but below 2MBPS
Charge for leasing these local leads, shall be the rates of respective circuits as per table at para A above. The rates are per pair per annum.

(ii)
If such leasing is not possible, then

(a)
On rent and guarantee basis or

(b)
On contribution basis.

(iii)
Maintenance of end link: Wherever the end link at subscribers premises is provided by the subscriber, the maintenance (by bsnl) shall be @ 10% of the cost of the link per annum.


ii) Local Leads 2 Mbps and above: Charges for local leads shall continue as per the existing three way charging principle. For the local lead of circuits meeting the following criteria, there shall be no additional charges at both the ends:
a. Distance: > 500 kms
b. Capacity / Bandwidth: DS3 (45 mbps) and above



iii) Local Circuits 2 Mbps and above: Local circuits will be charged minimum tariff of 5kms or 50 kms as the case may be. The minimum charge for Local circuits shall be as under:


SN
Capacity/ Speed
Tariff Applicable

1.
Circuits below 45 Mbps (DS3)
5 km

2.
Circuits of 45 Mbps and above
< 50 km


Note: The minimum tariff of 45 Mbps and 155 Mbps for distance below 50 Km will be Rs 6,66,798/- and Rs 1,78,528/- respectively.
For intermediate distances above the minimum distance slab, the procedure given in note-3 of Table-A shall apply.


iv) Where the provision of local leads of any capacity is not possible on the existing media then the local leads may be provided on
a. Rent and Guarantee Basis, or
b. Contribution Basis, or
c. Special Construction Basis


v) Wherever the subscriber provides the end link the maintenance of same may be carried out by BSNL on specific written request of the subscriber @ 10% of the cost of the end link per annum.
vi) No discount is applicable (as per existing procedure) for press for local leads or local circuits.
vii) Charging of 2 wires & 4 wires local leads of Long Distance Circuits and local circuits shall be in accordance with the existing instructions


Tariff for Local Lead and local circuits provided on special constructions on OFC (previously known as R&G cases) - charges for STM bandwidth


Bandwidth
Distance
3 yr commitment
2 yr commitment
1 yr commitment

STM4
0-5 km
Rs 36 lakhs
Rs 45 lakhs
Rs 72 lakhs


5-10 km
Rs 57 lakhs
Rs 72 lakhs
Rs 120 lakhs

Discount to be given if power plant & battery set provided by customer.

Rs 40000
Rs 40000
Rs 40000








Additional Instructions:

1. There is no Registration fee for new subscribers.
2. Local lead alone for any long distance circuit, whether domestic or international taken from other licensed service provider shall not be provided by BSNL without prior commercial agreement of the provider of such long distance circuits with BSNL Corporate Office.
3. The new tariff as above applies from 1st May 2005. In case of customers who have already paid the charges for the period starting from 1st May 2005, the difference shall be either adjusted from the future rentals, or refunded, where the subscriber so insists.



4
Payment for Right of Way/Way Leave Charges

This expenditure, if any, will be charged from the customers in addition to above tariff.
(Note: However, this matter has been referred to TRAI for clarification. It will be further explained on receipt of clarification from TRAI.)





5
Installation and Testing Charges: With effect from 01.09.2005, BSNL has revised installation and testing charges as following :

(i) For upgradation of existing B/W
Nil

(ii) Modem owned by subscriber
Nil

(iii)Modem owned by subscriber and modem is installed by BSNL on the written request of the customer
a) For 64 kbps & Nx64 kbps = Rs. 500 per modem
b) For 2 Mbps = Rs. 1000 per modem

(iv) For more than 2 Mbps B/W, provided on special construction or R&G basis
Nil



Clarifications on 'testing and installation' charges
(bsnl circular no. 4-20/2001-R&C dated 20.8.2002)


6
Short Duration Charges: (for all types of circuits)

(a)
For period up to 3 months and minimum period of 7 days
Double the pro rata rental of the respective distance slab specified at para 1(A)

(b)
For a period exceeding three months but less than one year
Full year rental of respective distance slab as specified at para 1(A)

Note: Provision of leased Circuits for short duration will be only from existing spare capacity of circuits and local leads. Cost incurred in addition to the existing local leads and long distance medium ,including additional costs incurred for any special construction ,may be added to the short duration rental specified under items (a) and (b) above.





7
Charges for NTU for Data Circuits given on MLLN System
(w.e.from 01/05/2005)

Category
Rental

For 64 Kbps and Nx64 Kbps up to 128 Kbps

Refundable Security Deposit (Interest Free)
Rs. 10,000/-*


The existing leased line circuits provided on MLLN systems are required to be charged for the NTU’s provided at subscriber premises at the following rates:


Type of MLLN Modem
Rental per annum

2 MBps V.35/G.703
Rs.10000/-

2 MBps Ethernet
Rs.18000/-


For the period less than one year, the above rental shall be charged on pro-rata basis subject to a charge of minimum hiring period.



B. Telephone Voice Circuits (Speech)


Point to Point & Single Party Network Mode
Same Rate as prescribed for 64 Kbps high speed data circuits


Local Lead to Telephone Voice Circuits (Speech)

(i)
Charge for leasing these local leads shall be the rate applicable to 64kbps High Speed data circuits as per para 1(A) except for less than 5 kms. The rates for less than 5 kms will be @ Rs. 5000/- per km/p.a./per pair. The fraction of CD km will be rounded to next higher or

(ii)
If such leasing is not possible, then
(a) On rent and guarantee basis, or
(b) On contribution basis

(iii)
Maintenance of end link: Whenever the end link at subscribers premises is provided by the subscriber, the maintenance (by DoT) shall be @ 10% of the cost of the link per annum.


Part Time Telephone Voice Circuits to Press Subscribers


The telephone circuits shall be provided for daily part time use between 7 P.M. to 7 A.M..
The charges shall be 50% of the charges for telephone circuits.


Note: A 50% concession in the rentals for leased telephone voice circuits used for Data Transmission/Facsimile by News Agencies and Newspapers for propagation of news. This will not extend to circuits hired for transmission of commercial data to commercial institutions like Banks etc. or Videotext/news scan services etc.





C. Facsimile Circuits

(Non-Press)
Same rate as applicable for 64 Kbps High speed data circuits

For Press
1/3 rd of above charges





D. Leased Voice Band Data Circuits (up to 9.6 Kbps)

(a)
Main circuit
Point to point and Single party network mode up to 9.6 Kbps
Same rates as prescribed for 64 Kbps High speed data circuits

(b)
Tariff for Local Lead (or end links) to be Charged as
(i) Charge for leasing these local leads shall be rate applicable to 64 Kbps High speed data circuits as per para 1(A) except for less than 5 kms. The rates for less than 5 kms will be @ Rs. 5000/- per km/p.a./per pair. The fraction of CD km will be rounded to next higher or
(ii) If such leasing is not possible, then
(a) On rent and guarantee basis, or
(b) On contribution basis
(iii) Mtce. of end link: Wherever the end link at subscribers premises is provided by the subscriber, the maintenance (by BSNL) shall be @ 10% of the cost of the link per annum

(c)
Charges of voice band data circuits for Press - Used for dissemination of news
1/3 rd of the charges as prescribed at (a) above

(d)
Modem Rental per year (Departmental Modem)


Up to 2400 bps
Rs. 5,000 per annum


4800 bps
Rs. 7,000 per annum


9600 bps
Rs. 9,000 per annum



(e)
Installation and Testing Charges of Modem (Subscriber owned)


Upto 2400 bps
Rs. 800


4800 bps
Rs. 800


9600 bps
Rs. 800


Modems will be rented out by the Company for data on leased lines and PSTN Services for a minimum period of one year





E. Multiparty Network

Multiparty network is not permitted on Speech, Voice Band Data and High speed data circuits. It may be considered for Closed User Group or Broad User Group on case by case basis.





F. Telegraph Circuits

(i)
Telegraph Circuits to Non Press Subscribers


50 Bauds
75 Bauds

When the circuit is required for full time use daily
33% charges of 64 Kbps high speed data circuits rates.
50% charges of 64 Kbps high speed data circuits rates.

Multi-user charge
As for the main circuit plus 10% for each additional user (other than principal user)

(ii)
Tariff for Local Lead(or End Links) to be charged as
(a) charge for leasing these local leads as prescribed at F(i) above except for less than 5 kms. The rates for less than 5 kms will be @ Rs. 2500/- per km/p.a./per pair. The fraction of CD km will be rounded to next higher., or
(b) If such leasing is not possible, then
(a) On rent and guarantee basis, or
(b) on contribution basis
(c) Maintenance of end link :Wherever the end link at subscribers premises is provided by the subscriber, the maintenance (by DTS) shall be @ 10% of the cost of the link per annum.

(iii)
Telegraph Circuits to Press Parties


(a) Telegraph/Tele-printer Circuits Leased to Press



50 Bauds
75 Bauds



1/3 rd of charges as prescribed at F(i) above for non-press subscribers
1/3rd of charges as prescribed at F(i) above for non-press subscriber


(b) Part Time Telegraph Circuits to Press Subscribers



50 Bauds
75 Bauds


(i) For 8 hours or less daily
One half of the charges as specified at F(iii) (a)
One half of the charges as specified at F(iii) (a)


(ii) For more than 8 hours daily
Full charges specified at F(iii) (a)
Full charges specified at F(iii) (a)


Note:(The Telegraph circuits are not available on part time basis to other than press subscribers.)



G. Ticker Connection

The Rental for Ticker Connection shall be same as that of a 50 Bauds Telegraph Circuits (Non-Press). Press do not enjoy any concessions as the Ticker Connections are exclusively provided for the Press.





H. Circuits in Telegraph Network

(On SFT/Message switching equipment/message concentrated etc.)
As for voice band data circuits as given above at (D)

Additional Charges on SFT/Message switching equipment/message concentrator etc. for Tele-printer ntks

(i) Up to an equipped capacity of 16 extensions
Rs. 10,000 p.a.

(ii) More than 16 extensions
Rs. 10,000 + Rs. 5,000 p.a per additional extension or part thereof





I. Private Wires/Non Exchange Lines/Local Circuits (for both voice and Data Transmission)

Same rate as applicable for 64 kbps High speed data circuits as per 1(A) except for less than 5 kms. The rates for less than 5 kms will be @ Rs. 5000/- per km/p.a./per pair. The fraction of CD km will be rounded to next higher.





J. Misc. Charges for Telegraph/Tele-printer/Telephone Circuits

(a)
Reconnection Charges


(i) Within a period of 7 days from the date of disconnection
Rs. 30


(ii) In all other cases
Rs. 60

(b)
Installation Charges


(i) Hand Micro Telephone Instrument Provided at either end
Rs. 150 per instrument


(ii) Speech Circuits and T/P Circuits


Installation Charge
Rs. 200 for each end


Shifting Charge
Rs. 200 for each end

(c)
The tariff for interconnection between Public Data Network and Private Data Network through leased lines will be as under


Volume Charges
Rs. 100 per kseg without any concession


Access Charges: For PSTN/Telex to Private Data Network
PSTN
TELEX


Rs. 15,000 p.a. per DEL
Rs. 25,000 p.a. per DEL


License Fee for Network is waived off w.e.f. 05.11.2004
(a) For new cases - w.e.f. 05-11-2004

(b) For existing cases - from next billing cycle



K. Time dependent B/W (w.e.from 1.1.2002)

The MLLN system is capable of providing differential time dependent bandwidth on request. Subject to network capability following parameters shall be considered while accepting the requests of subscribers:

A
Minimum period: One month and in multiples thereof. In case demand for lesser duration, the charges shall be levied for minimum period of one month.

B
Minimum time per day: 6 hours. In case of request for lesser time per day, the charges shall be levied for minimum 6 hours per day.

C
Only B/W up gradation of B/W shall be allowed: The down gradation is not permitted. For example a 512 kbps circuit may be allowed to become 1024 kbps for a minimum 6 hours per day (other 18 hours it may remain as 512 kbps), but a 512 kbps circuit cannot be downgraded to 128 kbps for any period in a day.

D
Tariff:

i. Time dependent higher B/W charges per month:
{Difference in charges of two bandwidths per month} X 1.5(fixed) X
hours per day (minimum 6 hours)/ 24.

ii. Charges for period more than one month but less than one year: In
multiples of one month.

iii. Charges for one year or more (at one time):
(Monthly charges as per (i.) above X number of months) less 15% as
discount. The period beyond 1 year shall be in multiples complete month
only.




Illustrative list of Calculation of additional charges for time dependant differential bandwidth

Existing
B/W
Annual charges
Monthly Charges
Required B/W
(kbps)
Annual charge
Monthly Charge

64
40646
3387
128
73163
6097



3387
128
73163
6097



3387
128
73163
6097



3387
128
73163
6097








128
73163
6097
256
126003
10500



6097
384
162584
13549



6097
512
195101
16258








256
126003
10500
384
162584
13549



10500
512
195101
16258






Time Period
(months)
Duration(hrs)
each day
Charges
(Rs.)

Required
chargeable
Required
Chargeable

12
12
12
12
20729

3
3
4
6
3048

1
1
8
8
1355

1/2
1
6
6
1016

6
6
4
6
9907

3
3
12
12
16766

1/2
1
6
6
3811

1
1
6
6
1143

12
12
3
6
22025

Govt. to Hike FDI CAP in Telecom to 74 percent-inf. by ashok Hindocha (M-9426201999)

www.bsnlnewsbyashokhindocha.blogspot.com
Govt to hike FDI cap in telecom to 74 percent
By siliconindia news bureau
Monday,29 June 2009, 15:04 hrs Comment(3)PrintForward
Bangalore: The government is expected to raise foreign direct investment (FDI) cap in the telecom sector to 74 percent. This matter will be finally decided by a Group of Ministers (GoM) headed by Prime Minister(PM) Manmohan Singh. In March 2007, the government had raised FDI from 49 percent to 74 percent to bolster investment in India's telecom sector.
According to the Department of Telecom (DoT), a five-member GoM is to be formed under the PM which includes the Telecom Minister A.Raja, Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee, Home Minister P.Chidambaram and HRD Minister and Former Commerce Minister Kapil Sibal. The GoM would be taking decisions on all spectrum-related matters (particularly the allocation and pricing of 2G and 3G spectrum) as well as the lock-in period for the sale of promoters' equity and raising the FDI capital in the telecom sector.

The government took several years to raise the FDI limit from 49 percent to 74 percent. In 2004, Finance Minister P.Chidambaram had proposed in the Budget that the FDI capital in telecom should go up to 74 percent, but the Left parties opposed the move. So, in 2007, the FDI limit was first raised to 74 percent in the telecom sector.

However, commenting on the current move for raising 74 percent FDI limit in telecom sector, Raja told Times of India, "We have not discussed on raising the FDI limit. Also, the setting up of an empowered GoM is under process and it would be headed by the FM, not the PM."
www.bsnlnewsbyashokhindocha.blogspot.com

Congratulations to Honarble Vajubhai Vala-Gujarat State-Finance Minister-inf. by Ashok Hindocha (M-9426201999)


Honarale Vajubhai Vala-Gujarat state Finance Minister
www.bsnlnewsbyashokhindocha.blogspot.com
વજુભાઇનું આજે 'વિક્રમ' બજેટ !

ગાંધીનગર, મંગળ, 30 જૂન 2009( 12:51 IST )

ગુજરાત વિધાનસભામાં આજે બપોરે 14મી વખત રાજ્યનું બજેટ રજુ કરી નાણામંત્રી વજુભાઇ વાળા વિક્રમ નોંધાવશે. અત્રે ઉલ્લેખનિય છે કે, તેર વખત બજેટ રજુ કરવાનો પોતાનો જ રેકોર્ડ તોડી તે આજે એક નવો વિક્રમ કરનાર છે.

ગુજરાત રાજ્યના નાણામંત્રી વજુભાઇ વાળા રાજ્યના એક વિશિષ્ટ નાણામંત્રી બન્યા છે. 1995માં પ્રથમ વખત બજેટ રજુ કરનાર આ નાણામંત્રી આજે 14મું બજેટ રજુ કરનાર છે. અત્યાર સુધી તેમણે 13 બજેટ રજુ કર્યા છે. અત્રે ઉલ્લેખનિય છે કે, ચાર વખત વચગાળાના બજેટ રજુ કરનાર આ મંત્રીના નામે સૌથી વધુ લેખાનુંદાન રજુ કરવાનો પણ રેકોર્ડ કાયમ છે.
www.bsnlnewsbyashokhindocha.blogspot.com


સંબંધિત જાણકારી શોધો
ગુજરાત વિધાનસભામાં નાણામંત્રી વજુભાઇ gujarat vidhansabha vajubhai vala

આ પણ શોધો: ગુજરાત વિધાનસભામાં નાણામંત્રી વજુભાઇ વાળા, gujarat vidhansabha vajubhai vala


ઘણું બધુ

• વિધાનસભા સત્રનો પ્રારંભ
• ફેડરેશનમાં ફરીથી ભટોળ રાજ !
• ગોધરા કાંડમાં 93 લોકો પર આરોપ નક્કી
• અમદાવાદની અવિસ્મરણીય રથયાત્રા(સ્લાઈડ શો)
• જગન્નાથજીની રથયાત્રા નિર્વિઘ્ને સંપન્ન
• સૂરતમાં સગીરા સાથે બળાત્કાર
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Grey Bands in specrum policy-inf. by Ashok Hindocha (M-9426201999)

Grey bands in spectrum policy

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The Government-appointed committee’s recommendation of market-based pricing of spectrum and a transparent method of allocation through auction is the right way ahead, says D. P. S. SETH
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As broadband demand grows, the currently available spectrum will not suffice.

Importance of spectrum — air waves on which the mobile signals ride — for the telecommunications sector has been repeatedly brought out by various columnists and industry leaders. Yet, the Government’s reactions have invariably been delayed and the policy responses mostly knee-jerk and devoid of vision.

The usual approach has been to appoint a committee with the mandate to work out at what subscriber base an operator should be given additional spectrum. There are several such reports, but these have hardly been of any help to the industry.

Surprisingly, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) too got into the act when it came up with a revised subscriber base criterion last year — some claim without the usual consultation process needed for transparency. The net result has been further confusion on the spectrum policy front with more ad-hoc allocations.

Committee recommendations


The first genuine attempt by the Government was when it appointed a committee on spectrum with clear and far-reaching terms of reference and with good representation from the academia and comprising experts in the complex field of spectrum management and telecommunication policy.

Press reports give some indications of the major recommendations of this committee. It wants to remove the subscriber base criterion and substitute it with auction — a practice followed the world-over. Also, the committee wants the mergers and acquisition (M&A) guidelines to be revised to arrive at the optimal number of operators; the current criterion does not encourage M&A. In addition, it would like the Government to work towards creation of more spectrum for wireless services.


Spectrum availability


What are the major issues in spectrum policy? The first is: Are the operators working at maximum possible spectral efficiency in terms of spectrum available to them and whether the equipment deployment is optimal? It is well known from telecom traffic theory that for every single MHz increase in spectrum, the traffic handling capability goes up more than in direct proportion (due to trunking efficiency) up to a point; beyond that diminishing results set in.

At the same time, for a given spectrum, an optimal level of equipment needs to be deployed to maximise the traffic-handling capability and number of subscribers that can be accommodated, depending on the pattern of user mobility and the type of data being generated (only voice, or voice plus data, etc.).

There is a cost associated with both spectrum and network infrastructure. If the spectrum is priced below its value and because of the fact that it is scarce (not enough for all operators), operators tend to obtain as much of it as they can, depriving thereby other genuinely needy operators from getting it.

It is claimed that this, along with the archaic and arbitrary subscriber base criterion for spectrum allocation, has prompted operators to falsify their data, claiming more subscribers than they actually possess.

If the acquisition cost of spectrum is in line with market demand, hoarding and reckless acquisition cannot occur. But market driven automatic control is possible only in a controlled auction arrangement.

It is therefore quite logical for the committee to have recommended departure from the old subscriber base criterion and suggested auction even for the remainder 2G spectrum.


When players enter a market at different points of time, the market does not realign itself for the convenience of new operators. The operators have to align themselves to market conditions. The problem arose in the first place when the Government decided that more the number of operators the greater will be the competition and, therefore, the tariffs will be lower.

But beyond a certain level, adding more operators will not enhance competition. In the present situation of limited spectrum, such a step can only lead to small allocations to each operator that there are no economies of scale and return on invested capital goes down.

A market-based approach would have made even start-up spectrum unattractive to new operators without any harm coming to the users of telecom service. There is, therefore, no other approach but to auction the remainder 2G spectrum and this is what the committee has recommended.

Number of operators


The second issue that indirectly affects spectrum efficiency is: How many operators should exist for spectrum utilisation to be optimal and without impacting competition?

While it is neither possible nor desirable in a liberalised market to define the maximum number of operators, the telecom policy can fix a minimum number, say four or five, to ensure the market is not distorted.

Incidentally, the number of mobile operators in well-developed markets is typically four or five. The market forces can best determine the maximum number and, therefore, government policy must incorporate guidelines which help the market operate freely.

It is in this context that M&A guidelines should be framed. An important aspect in this regard is the spectrum that should be permitted to be retained by the merged entities to ensure that they are not able to distort the market. If the total available spectrum is known, this limit has to be in the 20-25 per cent range if the minimum number of operators set by the policy is four or five.

Tech neutrality


The third important aspect is technology neutrality. In the past, the deployed technology was dependent on the availability of equipment. Now 3G equipments (WCDMA and HSPA) are available and have been deployed in several countries in the 900 and 800 MHz bands.

As 3G equipment is able to offer 2G services (mainly voice) far more efficiently than 2G equipment, the operators should have the freedom to deploy the former in the 2G bands. It is not known whether the committee has given any recommendations in this regard. Now that the report has been referred to TRAI, a specific proposal on this issue is required.

Finally, as broadband demand grows, the currently available spectrum will not suffice (it is already in short supply). There is, therefore, a clear need to identify more spectrum for wireless services.

The Government has been pursuing the defence services to release more spectrum with little success. These efforts will have to be strengthened. In addition, if the current analog TV broadcasting is replaced by digital, a substantial chunk of 700 MHz band can be released.

This is a very attractive band for creating more spectrum space and is most suitable for non-LOS (line of sight) mobile communications, including mobile TV. Steps should be taken by DOT, in coordination with the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, to get this band released, and then allocate certain sub-bands for specific services. On the aspect of creation of more spectrum, a time line should be added.


The Government would do well to accept the committee’s recommendations. However, referring the committee’s report to TRAI will only delay the spectrum allocation process. This could only be justified if the Government hands over the spectrum policy and management work to TRAI in line with the practice in most other countries.

(The author is a former member of TRAI and ex-chairman of BSNL.)

Related Stories:
3G policy goes back to GoM on PMO orders
COAI wants 2G issues sorted out before 3G auction
Base price may be doubled for 3G spectrum
3G spectrum: High base price may keep out new, foreign players


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Why Disinvestment when profit are booming?-Inf. by Ashok Hindocha (M-9426201999)

Why disinvest when profits are booming?
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There is need to revisit the arguments for disinvestment and ask whether the PSEs’ recent performance calls for a sale of public sector equity.

Disinvestment is back. Policy-makers believe that there is no reason to oppose it, since at least 51 per cent of the equity holding in the public sector enterprises (PSEs) would continue to remain with the government, which would retain their managerial control. However, this calls for revisiting the arguments for disinvestment, and asking whether the PSEs’ recent performance calls for a sale of public sector equity.

Dilution of public ownership is meant to bring down the fiscal deficit, thus potentially reducing the adverse inflation and balance of payment effects. Growing fiscal deficit could also lead to downgrading of the nation’s credit rating, raising the cost of international borrowing. Disinvestment is also expected to impart stock market-based discipline on enterprises’ performance, and reducing their losses.

Such reasoning assumes that the economy is currently in “full employment,” that is, any additional deficit would only translate into higher inflation, additional imports and deterioration in the external balance. But what if there are large underutilised resources, as in a labour surplus economy like ours with 56 per cent of the labour force still subsisting on agriculture? If deficits are productively used, they could yield additional output; hence the ratio of the fiscal deficit to GDP may not rise. So, in principle, what matters is not the deficit per se, but what is done with it.

Empirically, the relationship between the fiscal deficit, inflation and balance of payments is far from robust, denting the validity of the widely advocated policy to maintain a low deficit at all times. It, however, does not mean that the fiscal deficit can be ignored. They do matter in specific situations, depending on the state of the economy, the composition of debt, how it is financed and what they are used for.

A firm’s efficiency depends on the market structure: competitive markets, in principle, yield the desirable outcomes. But the bulk of public investments, almost by definition, are in industries that display decreasing costs or have considerable externalities – inviting public regulation to correct for market failures. Often these industries also have strategic value to the nation. Such market failures are most acute in networked industries like electricity (for that matter most infrastructure), which is why, the dividing line between regulated private industries (as in the U.S.) or public monopolies often gets blurred. In such situations, it is hard to argue that form of ownership makes a difference to performance.

However, it is finance theorists who argue the superiority of private ownership, based on the disciplining function that the secondary stock markets impart on a firm’s performance, via the threat of takeover or bankruptcy. Is the threat credible? No, not for the PSEs, as only a small fraction of their equity is sold and traded in the market. Evidence suggests that stock market based discipline on a firm’s performance has rarely worked to improve corporate efficiency even in the advanced economies. One only has to recall the recent experience to realise how, given the information imperfections in financial markets, corporate managers (or, promoters in Indian parlance) in the U.S. enriched themselves at the expense of their stakeholders and the economy (one only has to read Joseph Stiglitz’s The Roaring Nineties for evidence of this).

So, even in principle, disinvestment is unlikely to enhance efficiency. If, however, the objective is to raise revenue to reduce fiscal deficit (as seems to be the case now), its contribution is likely to be minuscule. For instance, during the 13 years since 1991-92 when disinvestment began, the cumulative proceeds of disinvestment was Rs. 29, 520 crores — amounting to less than 1 per cent of the cumulative fiscal deficit. Is it then cost effective? No, because it is a much costlier source of finance than debt; the average yield on equity is distinctly higher than the average interest rate on government bond. As the risk of default on government bond is zero, it would be cheaper to issue bonds than sell shares. Moreover, transaction costs of public issues (listing, underwriting, advertising and so on) are often too high. But, won’t debt increase the future burden of its repayment? It will not, if used productively. Perhaps the only robust rule one could think of is that as long as the national output grows at a faster rate than the interest rate (in nominal or real terms), there is little danger of explosive debt growth and national insolvency. Perhaps it is worth quoting Evsey Domar’s celebrated passage written in 1952, “… the problem of the debt burden is essentially a problem of achieving a growing national income. A rising income is of course desired on general grounds, but in addition to its many other advantages it also solves the most important aspect of the problem of debt. The faster the income grows, the lighter will be the burden of debt”.


Disinvestment also means forgoing the future stream of dividends from public investment. Why should the government forgo them, especially now that the PSEs profits are booming? (See my “Public Sector Performance since 1950: A Fresh Look”, Economic and Political Weekly, June 24, 2006). Central PSEs’ profitability – as measured by gross profits to capital employed – has almost doubled from 10.9 to 20.3, between 1990-91 and 2007-08. This is commendable by any yardstick considering that the petroleum companies had to bear the brunt of the administered prices of oil during the recent boom. Since 2003-04, the sustained improvement in profits (along with a turnaround in tax-GDP ratio) has wiped out government dis-saving, boosting the domestic saving rate to 37.7 per cent of GDP in 2007-08; a level close to what the fast growing East Asian nations have achieved. Over a longer period of the last 25 years, in the aggregate, capital-output ratio has steadily declined implying an undeniable rise in public sector efficiency. This is also evident in perceptible decline in employment, contributing to the improved financial returns.

Surely, many problems remain. The crux of the public sector financial losses lay with the utilities and transport. For instance, despite a steady raise in the physical efficiency of power generation for over the last quarter century (as measured by the plant load factor for thermal power plants), the state electricity boards incur huge losses because they cannot raise prices or enforce collection of user charges, as these are outside the enterprises’ purview; government is responsible for these policy decisions. Instead of squarely facing these hard questions of pricing of public services, the government is resorting to the softer option of selling shares of PSEs’, which are yielding improved returns year after year.

This is not to suggest that all is well with the PSEs. Surely there is an enormous need and scope for securing better returns on these investments, and to achieve their strategic objectives (wherever applicable). Despite the disinvestment, the owner’s (politicians and bureaucrats) dysfunctional interference in PSEs’ would persist, as they have little to fear from the market; the procedural audit of CAG would also continue. So if one is serious about improving public sector efficiency, then one should bother about changing the relationship between the government (the owner) and the enterprises — that is, reforming the corporate governance; an issue nowhere on the policy horizon.

As stock market-based discipline seems unworkable, what then is the alternative? We suggest a bank centric governance structure, patterned after the Japanese form of Kereitsu. Disinvest PSEs’ shares among interdependent PSEs and tying them around a large public sector bank (the main bank). As government holding in the PSEs falls below 51 per cent, direct interference from the government, and the parliament will get reduced, and the CAG audit will cease. Compared to stock market, banks, in principle, are better at screening investment projects, and monitoring fund utilisation to safeguard their reputational capital. As performance of a particular enterprise would depend on the other firms in the Kereitsu, there would be peer monitoring and better coordination by the main bank. To safeguard their loans, banks would be in a better position to appoint managers offering them long-term contracts with suitable incentives (for details see my paper, “Disinvestment and Privatization in India: Assessment and Options”, in Trade Policy, Industrial Performance and Private Sector Development in India, Oxford University Press, for the Asian Development Bank).

Surely this will not solve the problem of monitoring the monitors (the banks in this case), as government remains the ultimate owner. But with delegated monitoring and with multiple monitors like other regulators in place, there is a distinct possibility of greater professionalism and minimisation of dysfunctional interference.

In sum, disinvestment is unlikely to impart the expected efficiency gains; resources thus mobilised are costly and their quantum, as a proportion of the fiscal deficit, will be minuscule. The infrastructure deficit is perhaps a far greater danger than the fiscal deficit. So as long as the public debt is used for productive investment that yields additional output, extinguishing the additional debt burden would not pose a threat. Moreover, selling shares when the profits are booming makes little economic sense.

(R. Nagaraj is a professor with the Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai; email: nagaraj@igidr.ac.in )

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Saturday, June 27, 2009

BSNLEU-CHQ-ND-DGS Shri P. Abhimanyuji is on Foreign Tour at Brajil for attending International TUI Congress-inf. by Ashok Hindocha (M_9426201999)


Com. P.Abhimanyuji-DGS-BSNLEU-CHQ-ND is on Foreign Tour for attending International Congress of TUI of Brazil. We Wish Every Success & Wish you Happy Journey
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TUI Congress at Brazilia, Brazil: - Com. P. Abhimanyu, Dy. General Secretary, BSNLEU will be attending International Congress of the Trade Union International of Public & Allied Employees, being held on 28th and 29th June, 2009 at Brazilia, Brazil as the delegate from BSNL Employees union. He leaves for Brazilia on 27th June, 2009 and will return on 6th July, 2009.
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Friday, June 26, 2009

what is the Best Way to Motivate Employees ? Send your Views-inf. by Ashok Hindocha (M-9426201999)


What is the best way to motivate employees?
Please share your opinion on this one? This is one of the biggest challenges faced by HR Function across the world. Let’s list top 5 ways of motivating employees.
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Aditya Jain
CEO at AddRec Solutions

See all Aditya’s discussions »

Comments (29)
Urvi Aradhya
General Manager Human Resources at k raheja corp
According to me, best motivator would be to involve employee participation in decision making in whatever way possible. This will make them feel important and the company's goal will become their own and thereby they will go all out to achieve it.

Another motivator would be communication. Always, communicate with your team and share ideas, understand their concern. You may not always have to agree but you can always alley their conerns and make them see the managment perspective of doing things in some particular way. They will surely appreciate.

Third would do some employee engagement activities throught out the year and bringing vibrant culture in the organsiation. Rather than one big event, keep doing small celebrations which costs very little money but make people bond and enjoy.
Posted 1 month ago | Reply Privately
Kashyap T R
AVP at NIS Sparta
Motivating Employees is like making getting your adolescent teenager find a purpose in life once this is done, the efforts are focused towards infusing the right values.

I personally feel that motivation of the employees is his supervisor's prerogative. First and foremost thing a supervisor needs to understand as to what ticks his team members. This takes a little while but once you have understood he/she also needs to share with the team as to what they expect, once this rapport is built there are less challenges.

The real challenge is to handle certain moments of truth that the team members may have at the hand of others across the peer groups. This is where the infusion of values helps to understand different perspective and supervisor plays an important role.

The role that HR should ideally play is in setting expectations right at the time of recruitment, building the culture of enabling performance, instituting a robust induction process and in ironing out and interpersonal communication glitches that might arise. HR according to me is only a facilitator and not the owner of this process.
Posted 1 month ago | Reply Privately
Challa S.S.J.Ram Phani
CEO at aimkaam consultrainers
Give them handful of work and leave them to work on it. Don't disturb till they get desired results. Guide them towards results if required. Let them find out their own way towards success and getting results.
Posted 1 month ago | Reply Privately
Rohintan Talati
Manager-HR @ Linde Engineering, Vadodara, India
Motivation is inner feeling which result into positive mindset. We used motivation for positive transformation of thoughts and actions. So I think we should focus on inner needs (mind needs) of employees ….. Some of the way to motivate them like (these are low cost investment)

1) Giving Health to self and family
2) Showing “The Secret” movie
3) Sharing our corporate path for Ethics / Morale / Values
4) Train them on how to generate Ideas and reward them with best seller Book / CD / Poster etc
5) Surprise them by sending movie tickets with family………….
6) Emphasis on personal and office safety / health / environment
7) Identifying core strengths of employees and give them an opportunity to nurture i.e language commands / public speaking / effective reading / active listing
8) Introduce KIP (Knowledge Integration Programme) a common & voluntary platform to share / present ideas / presentation.

And many more such things can be covered. Try to focus on inertia
Posted 1 month ago | Reply Privately
Abhishek Singh
at Yakult Danone india First plant in india
Dear Krishnan & other too!

We started the topic from motivation of employee to HR power etc.,
There are different situation in different companies dependent on organization:

• Value : it is giving value to human or production money
• Vision : its vision is of short term to survive in the market or think about the long term
• Policy :it is as per needs taking care of legal compliance or thinking beyond time to time

This makes the overall culture and atmosphere of the company and it is followed by the managers, teams and with regards to openness in real terms not in formalities.Taking care of who will be accountable, responsible and what will be flow of control.

Yes, employee gets motivated by money to some extent if he get satisfied with his basic need i.e. job security. Employee like graduate, under graduates and 10+2 with less qualification get stick to a company even if they are giving salary after schedule time & even if they has been on contact job because the reason is they will be paid. They know that they will be not getting job anywhere eases.atleast, they have a job. So, they will not complain for getting late payment but satisfying themselves that they are having a job.
This is basic need -they need continuous job, this type of situation is happening in most of small as well big sector of companies. Where they are converting regular employee in outsource employee .Can we talk of motivation in this context.

in some situation money is not import : where they are getting handsome payment .big Manufacturing companies getting in time payment and overtime but working hrs are beyond times .as normal salary they get 8-10k after overtime they get 15-20k in month but they loss there health and family .

Employee motivation started with what employee is needs :
• basic need Money –to what extent ,
• Timing –to what extent
• Atmosphere – polities and exploitation etc.
• short and long term needs of individual (ambition of life )
Posted 1 month ago | Reply Privately
ashok Hindocha
BSNL Latest News By ashok Hindocha(M-9426201999) at BSNLEU
Namaskar
I think there are four things are most important in our life
i.e. life, liberty, eqawality & Dignity.
Dignity is one of the most Important Point. Appriciation of work is also one of the most impotrant point
Thanks a lot
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Posted 1 month ago | Delete comment
krishnan prabakaran
GM- HR at ARVIND REMEDIES LTD
Dear All,
I say better benefits. As long as a company is competitive in its pay, ample benefits make the biggest difference in corporate culture.

Having a positive and progressive corporate culture will attract the best talent and reduce turnover, such as offering benefits like flexible work schedules,, reimbursement, company sponsored events , game nights , and other benefits such as recruiting referral bonuses, suggestion scheme, and performance awards and recognition.

The more fun the environment, the more recognition and rewards, and the more employees feel they have a voice, the better perceived “benefits” the company provides to its employees. In the long-term, these, along with competitive pay, attract and retain top talent much more effectively than good pay alone.

If we want to implement for the above, First Managment has to agree and company needs fund and budget.without that we will be talking only.no execution.
Posted 1 month ago | Reply Privately
Manish Kumar
Client Partner at FranklinCoveySouthAsia
The best way to motivate an employee is by bringing them into circle of influence because most of them are busy living their life in circle of concern. They do what others are doing so its better to motivate them by making them realize that you are not an employee but key player of this company and we are a family in which every member plays vital role.

Also has to make a environment which should be comfortable for them to speak frely and share their thoughts, and yes most important is the speed of trust of employees upon boss and vice versa.
Posted 5 hours ago | Reply Privately
krishnan prabakaran
GM- HR at ARVIND REMEDIES LTD
Dear Mr.Aditja Jain,
you only started the qurrey, now, you got enough opinions from our friends,so we shall conclude this topic.
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BSNL"s Internet Tariff for CDMA DATA Services on CDMA 2000 !X

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Internet Tariff for BSNL CDMA Data Services on CDMA 2000 1X
BSNL offers Data services on CDMA 2000 1X technology. A customer can avail these services by using BSNL NIC (Network Interface Card) with internet surfing speed upto 144 kbps or by using EVDO Cards with surfing speed upto 2.4 Mbps.

Now, BSNL is also offering roaming facility on these cards. The charges of unlimited internet usage through these NIC and EVDO Cards are as under :

Sl. No.
Particulars
Tariff of NIC Card (Unlimited) in Rs.
Tariff of EVDO Card (Unlimited) in Rs.

1.
Activation charges
250
500

2.
Charges for Cards


i Sale Price of ICC Card in Rs.
2500*
3500*


ii Alternate to purchase of ICC :


ii (a) Fixed monthly charges for card
150
200


ii (b) Security Deposit (refundable)
1000
1000

3.
Fixed Monthly charges for Unlimited Internet Usage in Rs.
350
650

4.
Free internet usage
Unlimited
Unlimited

5.
Addl usage charges
Not applicable
Not applicable

6.
Roaming facility (Intra & Inter Circle)
As per technical feasibility


* Sale Taxes, as applicable, will be extra.

2. The above tariff will be effective from 1 st July, 2009 for all new customers. For existing customers who have already taken the cards and are presently getting unlimited service @Rs.250 for NIC and Rs.550 for EVDO card, they have to migrate to higher plan after completion of 6 months period and due intimation has to be given to them as per TRAI directions on the subject.

3. All other terms and conditions will remain the same.

• Promotional Offer – BSNL has reduced the sale price of PCMCIA type of NIC and EVDO cards to Rs. 1680/- and Rs 2100/- respectively. Offer valid till stock lasts or upto 30-9-09 whichever is earlier.



Unlimited Internet on CDMA 2000 1X using FWT/IFWT/HHT

BSNL also offers unlimited Internet access and downloading facility on CDMA 2000 1X technology by using FWT/IFWT/HHT with internet surfing speed up to 144 kbps @ Rs. 250/- per month wherein a customer can avail the facility of Local/STD/ISD calls at normal telephone call charges.

* This offer is valid upto 31-7-2009.

BSNL"S Promotional Offer- reduce Rate of NIC & EVDO-1680/- & 2100/- respectively-inf. by Ashok Hindocha (M-9426201999)

www.bsnlnewsbyashokhindocha.blogspot.com
www.bsnl.co.in
Promotional Offer – BSNL has reduced the sale price of PCMCIA type of NIC and EVDO cards to Rs. 1680/- and Rs 2100/- respectively.

Offer valid till stock lasts or upto 30-9-09 whichever is earlier.
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Proposal For Only-One Board (!2 Th )Examinations-Inf. by Ashok Hindocha (M-9426201999)


ધો. ૧૨માં દેશભરમાં એક જ બોર્ડ પરીક્ષા લેશે
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નવી દિલ્હી, તા. ૨૫

એક દૂરોગામી સુધારામાં આજે કેન્દ્ર સરકારે ધોરણ ૧૦ની બોર્ડની પરીક્ષાને વૈકલ્પિક બનાવવાની અને દેશભરમાં ધોરણ ૧૨ની પરીક્ષા એક જ બોર્ડ લે તેવી દરખાસ્ત મૂકી છે. દેશભરમાં ધોરણ ૧૨ની પરીક્ષા એક જ બોર્ડ લે તે માટે દેશભરમાં હાલમાં ધો.૧૨ની પરીક્ષા લેતાં સીબીએસઈ તથા સીઆઈએસસીઈ સહિતનાં ૩૩ બોર્ડને સ્થાને એક નવું જ બોર્ડ રચાશે. કેન્દ્રના આ પગલાંથી ધોરણ ૧૦ના વિદ્યાર્થીઓને ભારે રાહત થશે. આ ઉપરાંત કેન્દ્રની યુપીએ સરકારના પ્રથમ ૧૦૦ દિવસમાં આર્થિક રીતે નબળા વિદ્યાર્થીઓને પ્રોફેશનલ કોર્ષો માટે શૈક્ષણિક લોનો પર વ્યાજની સબસિડી આપવાની યોજના પણ અમલમાં મૂકવામાં આવશે.

કેન્દ્ર સરકારની દરખાસ્તઃ ધોરણ ૧૦ના બોર્ડને વૈકલ્પિક બનાવવાની પણ યોજના
કેન્દ્રીય માનવ સંશાધન પ્રધાન કપિલ સિબ્બલે ધોરણ ૧૦ની બોર્ડની પરીક્ષા રદ કરવાની પણ દરખાસ્ત મૂકી છે. તેમણે કહ્યું હતું કે પરીક્ષા આધારિત વ્યવસ્થાને કારણે વાલીઓ અને વિદ્યાર્થીઓને હેરાનગતિ થાય છે તેને કારણે પરીક્ષાઓ સિવાય પણ ગ્રેડ સિસ્ટમ જેવી વૈકલ્પિક સિસ્ટમ અમલમાં લાવી શકાય છે.

તેમના મતે દસમા ધોરણ પછી પણ વિદ્યાર્થીઓ તે જ સ્કૂલમાં ચાલુ રહેતા હોવાથી આવી બોર્ડની પરીક્ષાઓનો કોઇ અર્થ જ નથી. એચઆરડી મંત્રાલય આ મુદ્દે કોઇ પણ અંતિમ નિર્ણય લેતાં પહેલાં મસલત કરશે અને શિક્ષણ બોર્ડોને વિશ્વાસમાં લેશે. સ્કૂલો સાથે મસલત કરીને જ આ નિર્ણય લેવામાં આવશે.

૧૦માંની બોર્ડની પરીક્ષામાં નાપાસ થવાની બીકે પણ કેટલાક વિદ્યાર્થીઓ આત્મહત્યા કરી લે છે. આ પ્રકારની પરિસ્થિતિમાંથી તેમને બહાર લાવવાનો પણ અમારો પ્રયાસ છે તેમ જણાવતાં તેમણે માર્કની પદ્ધતિમાં ફેરફારની જરૃરિયાત પર ભાર મૂક્યો હતો.

આની જગ્યાએ કેન્દ્ર સરકાર માર્ક્સ આપવાની સમીક્ષા પ્રક્રિયાને બદલે ગ્રેડ્સ આપવાની વ્યવસ્થા અમલમાં મૂકશે. આનાથી વિદ્યાર્થીઓ અને વાલીઓ પરથી તાણ ઘટશે તેમ જણાવતાં તેમણે ઉમેર્યુ હતું કે સેન્ટ્રલ બોર્ડ ઓફ સેકન્ડરી એજ્યુકેશન (સીબીએસઇ) દેશમાં ગ્રેડિંગ સિસ્ટમ દાખલ કરતું પ્રથમ બોર્ડ હશે. આ અંગેની એક દરખાસ્ત અનિર્ણીત છે.

દેશના ૩૩ બોર્ડોની જગ્યાએ એકમાત્ર બોર્ડ રાખવાની અમારી નેમ છે તેમ જણાવતાં સિબ્બલે કહ્યું હતું કે કાયદાનો અભ્યાસ કરતી સંસ્થાઓમાં પ્રવેશ માટે સંયુક્ત કાયદા પ્રવેશ ટેસ્ટની પેટર્ન પર તમામ વિદ્યાર્થીઓ માટે એક જ પરીક્ષા રાખવાની દરખાસ્ત છે.

ભણતરની સારી ગુણવત્તા જાળવવા માટે સ્કૂલો માટે એક સ્વતંત્ર એક્રેડિયેશન સંસ્થાની સ્થાપનાની શક્યતા ચકાસશે. હાલમાં સ્કૂલો કોઇ પણ સંસ્થા સાથે એક્રીડિયેટ કરવામાં આવતી નથી તેમ જણાવતાં સિબ્બલે ઉમેર્યું હતું કે રાઇટ ઓફ ચિલ્ડ્રન ટૂ ફ્રી એન્ડ કમ્પલસરી એજ્યુકેશન બિલને ઘડવા માટે તમામ પગલાં લેવામાં આવશે. આ ખરડામાં છથી ૧૪ વર્ષના દરેક બાળકને શિક્ષણના મૂળભૂત હક્કોના સમાવેશની દરખાસ્ત છે.

વધુમાં સિબ્બલે કહ્યું હતું કે આ બિલ આ સેશનમાં પાસ થવું જોઇએ. જેથી કરીને તમામ બાળકને ફરજિયાત શિક્ષણનો હક્ક મળી જશે. આ ઉપરાંત સરકાર ઓલ ઇન્ડિયા મદરેસા બોર્ડ સ્થાપવા પણ ઇચ્છે છે. જે સીબીએસઇ અને અન્ય બોર્ડોની સમકક્ષ ડિગ્રીઓ ફાળવશે. બોર્ડ ર્ધાિમક શિક્ષણોમાં દરમિયાનગીરી કર્યા વગર મુસ્લિમોને બિનસાંપ્રદાયિક અને ટેક્નિકલ શિક્ષણ આપવા માટે એક પોલિસી તૈયાર કરશે.

તેમનું કહેવું હતું કે આ મુદ્દે એક સર્વસંમતિ સાધવાનો અમારો પ્રયાસ રહેશે. નેશનલ કમિશન ફોર માઇનોરિટી એજ્યુકેશનલ ઇન્સ્ટિટયૂશન્સ એક્ટને વધુ મજબૂત બનાવવા માટે તેમાં સુધારાનો પ્રયાસ પણ કરવામાં આવશે.


કપિલ સિબ્બલે કરેલી દરખાસ્તો

-ધોરણ ૧૨ માટે રાષ્ટ્રીયસ્તરે એકસમાન પરીક્ષા.

-ધોરણ ૧૦ના બોર્ડની પરીક્ષા વૈકલ્પિક બનાવવા.

-શૈક્ષણિક લોનના વ્યાજ પર સબસિડીની નવી યોજના

-૫૦૦૦ કોલેજો અને યુનિર્વિસટીઓને બ્રોડ બેન્ડ કનેક્ટિવિટી.

-શિક્ષકોના શિક્ષણ માટે એક નવી નીતિ તૈયાર કરવાની.

-૧૦૦ જેટલા પોલિટેક્નિક્સ અને છ નવા આઇઆઇટી સ્થાપવા.

-ઉચ્ચ શિક્ષણ લેતાં વિદ્યાર્થીની શૈક્ષણિક લોન પરનું વ્યાજ સરકાર ભોગવશે.

-૬થી ૧૪ વર્ષના બાળક માટે મફત અને ફરજિયાત શિક્ષણ માટે બિલ પસાર કરવું.

-ઓલ ઇન્ડિયા મદરેસા બોર્ડની સ્થાપના.

-નેશનન કમિશન ફોર માઇનોરિટી એજ્યુકેશનલ ઇન્સ્ટિટયૂશન્સ એક્ટમાં સુધારો.

-નબળા વર્ગો અને લઘુમતીઓના કલ્યાણ માટેની યોજનાઓના વ્યવસ્થિત અમલીકરણ માટે દરેક યુનિર્વિસટીમાં ઇક્વલ ઓપોર્ચ્યુનિટી ઓફિસ (ઇઓઓ) ખોલવામાં આવશે.





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Article: Israeli Trade Union Launches Nation-Wide Strike
Article from:Xinhua News Agency Article date:December 3, 1997 More results for: pubdate:[20050105;20050111] | Copyright informationCopyright 1997 Xinhua English Newswire. Provided by ProQuest LLC. (Hide copyright information)

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Israeli Trade Union started this morning an open-ended general strike in protest against government plans for wages reform and privatization, Israel Radio reported today.

The report said that some 700,000 workers took part in the strike, which paralyzed large sectors of national economy. Most of government offices and companies were shut down as well as offices of municipalities and local authorities. Hospitals, the telecommunications sector, banks, post offices and other services were also affected.

The strike is the latest round in a Trade Union battle against government economic reform plans, which have sparked fears that worker's rights would be harmed. Some 150,000 clerks and municipal ...

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Internet Law- latest information by Ashok Hindocha (M-9426201999)


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INTERNET LAW - European Convention on Human Rights v. Privacy Violations and Data Held by Internet Service Providers

Martha L. Arias, IBLS Director
Tuesday, June 23, 2009

European citizens claiming violation of privacy have looked for legal remedy on articles 8 and 13 of the European Convention on Human Rights when their domestic legislation does not provide effective response to their claims. Although member states have adopted the European Convention on Cybercrime and directives on privacy, certain violations of privacy arising out of the use of the Internet remain unpunished due to legal technicalities. In these cases, individuals seek readdress before the European Court of Human Rights; specifically, articles 8 and 13 of the convention. These articles provide an example of a European Union case involving data held by Internet Service Providers (ISPs), Internet calumny, and violation of privacy.

In KU v. Finland [2008] ECHR 2872/02, the European Court of Human Rights held that there was a violation of articles 8 and 13 of the Human Rights Convention when an ISP refused to provide the identity of an individual who published a sexually explicit advertisement (Ad) involving a minor. An unidentified individual published an Ad on an Internet dating site on the name of a 12-year old minor. The Ad mentioned the minor's age, date of birth, physical characteristics, phone number, and had a link that lead to the minor"s picture. The Ad stated that the minor was looking of intimate relationship with a boy his age. Some people responded to the Ad by calling the minor. The minor's father reported the incident to his country's authorities and initiated legal action. The father's minor requested the ISP information on the individual publishing the Ad but the ISP refused to provide this information invoking privacy directives. The domestic courts in Finland, where the action took place, held that the Ad was an act of calumny and, as such, the authorities did not have the legal tools to force ISPs to disclose this information without violating privacy laws. The minor's father sought legal remedy before the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) invoking violation of articles 8 and 13. Despite Finland's opposition to this violation, the ECHR interconnected articles 8 and 13 of the Human Rights Convention with other European laws and concluded that there was a violation of article 8 as applied to the specific facts of this case.

Article 8 of the Human Rights Convention Article 8 provides that "[E]veryone has the right to respect for his private and family life, his home and his correspondence." This article also establishes that "[T]here shall be no interference by a public authority with the exercise of this right except such as is in accordance with the law and is necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security, public safety or the economic well-being of the country, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others." Article 13 provides that "[E]veryone whose rights and freedoms as set forth in [the] Convention are violated shall have an effective remedy before a national authority notwithstanding that the violation has been committed by persons acting in an official capacity." To reach its holding, the ECHR combined these two precepts with the following European laws.

1. The Council of Europe adopted Recommendation No. R (89) 9 on Computer-Related Crime. This recommendation recognizes the need to respond rapidly and effectively to new technologies crimes. Also, the Committee of Ministers adopted Recommendation No. R (95) 13 concerning criminal procedure law for information technology crimes. Recommendation No. R (95) 13 impose obligations on service providers who offer telecommunication services to the public through public or private networks, to provide information to identify users when ordered by competent investigating authority. These recommendations also state that domestic legal systems allow investigating authorities to order persons to submit data under their control in computer systems. Investigating authorities should have the power to order persons to provide data in computer systems under their control and to provide all necessary information to enable access to a computer system and the data therein.

2. The ECHR also mentioned the European Convention on Cybercrime when deciding this case. The court stated that the Cybercrime Convention requires member states to adopt legislative measures to establish the powers and procedures for criminal investigations regarding criminal conducts committed through the use of computer systems, and the collection of electronic evidence. Article 12 (1) and (2). Article 18 of the Cybercrime Convention establishes that member states may empower public authorities to order submission of public data under their control and stored in computer systems or any other electronic means; and order "a service provider offering its services in the territory of the Party to submit subscriber information relating to such services in that service provider's possession or control." Article 14 and 15 describes the type of subscribers' information that can be ordered. This includes, telephone numbers, names, addresses, billing and payment information, etc.

3. The ECHR mentioned the "Guidelines for the cooperation between law enforcement and internet service providers against cybercrime," adopted at the global conference "Cooperation against Cybercrime" held in Strasbourg on 1-2 April 2008. These guidelines allow cooperation between investigating authorities and ISPs against cybercrime.

4. The United Nations General Assembly resolutions 55/63 of 4 December 2000 and 56/121 of 19 December 2001 on "Combating the criminal misuse of information technologies" were quoted by the ECHR. Resolution 55/63, in particular, recommends that "[L]egal systems should permit the preservation of and quick access to electronic data pertaining to particular criminal investigations."

5. Directive 2006/24/EC on the retention of data generated or processed in connection with the provision of publicly available electronic communications services or of public communications networks, amending the previous data retention Directive 2002/58/EC are other European laws that require ISPs to make available retained data for purposes of criminal investigations. The ECHR particularly quoted the following article 5 provision: "[M]ember States shall ensure that the following categories of data are retained under this Directive: (a) data necessary to trace and identify the source of a communication: ... (2) concerning Internet access, Internet e-mail and Internet telephony: ... (iii) the name and address of the subscriber or registered user to whom an Internet Protocol (IP) address, user ID or telephone number was allocated at the time of the communication."

Therefore, the ECHR found enough legislation to support member states authorities' request of data from ISPs when it is required in the course of a criminal investigation.


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કર્મચારીઓ માટે એર ઇન્ડિયાની ‘લીવ વિધાઉટ પે’ યોજના

નવી દિલ્હી, તા.૨૫

એર ઇન્ડિયાના મેનેજમેન્ટે યુનિયનો સાથે સલાહમસલત કર્યા બાદ કોસ્ટકટિંગના પગલાંના ભાગરૃપે તેના કર્મચારીઓ માટે સ્વેચ્છાએ વિના પગારે રજા (લીવ વિધાઉટ પે-એલડબલ્યુપી)ની યોજનાની આજે ઘોષણા કરી હતી.

એરલાઇન દ્વારા જારી કરાયેલી એક નોટિસમાં જણાવાયું હતું કે આ સ્કિમ હેઠળ કાયમી કર્મચારીઓ પગાર-ભથ્થાં વિના બે વર્ષ સુધીની રજા લઇ શકે છે અને રજા પર ઊતર્યા હોય ત્યારે જે પગારધોરણ હોય તે પગારધોરણ સાથે જ પાછા જોડાઇ શકે છે.

પગાર-ભથ્થાં વિના બે વર્ષ સુધીની રજા મળશે, અન્ય એરલાઇનમાં કામ કરી શકશે
કર્મચારીઓનું હિત જળવાઇ રહે તે રીતે ખર્ચા પર કાપ મૂકવા યુનિયનોએ એલડબલ્યુપી સહિતની કેટલીક યોજનાઓ સૂચવ્યાના થોડા દિવસો બાદ મેનેજમેન્ટે આ નિર્ણય લીધો છે.

એવિયેશન ઇન્ડસ્ટ્રી એમ્પ્લોઇઝ ગિલ્ડના રિજનલ જનરલ સેક્રેટરી વી. જે. દેકાએ એર ઇન્ડિયાના મેનેજમેન્ટના આ નિર્ણય અંગે પ્રતિક્રિયા આપતાં કહ્યું હતું કે, “અમારી દરખાસ્ત આટલી જલદી સ્વીકારવા બદલ અમે અમારા સીએમડીનો આભાર માનીએ છીએ. એલડબલ્યુપીની યોજનાથી અમારી કંપનીને ખર્ચ ઘટાડવામાં થોડીક મદદ ચોક્કસ મળશે.”

નોટિસમાં ઉમેર્યું હતું કે એલડબલ્યુપીનો વિકલ્પ પસંદ કરનારા કર્મચારીઓ બીજી એરલાઇનમાં કે સંબંધિત ર્સિવસમાં કામ કરી શકશે પરંતુ તે માટે તેમણે એર ઇન્ડિયાના મેનેજમેન્ટ તરફથી મંજૂરી મેળવવાની રહેશે. જો કે કર્મચારીઓ જાહેરક્ષેત્રના અન્ય કોઇ એકમમાં કામ કરી શકશે નહીં.



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